National Conservatory of Music
Av. Presidente Masaryk 582, Miguel Hidalgo, Polanco, CDMX, Mexico
The National Conservatory of Music was founded in 1866 by the priest, teacher and choir conductor Agustín Caballero, with the support of the Mexican Philharmonic Society and Emperor Maximilian I. It is the oldest official school of music in Mexico City and the host institution of the oldest symphonic orchestra in the country (Orquesta Sinfónica del Conservatorio Nacional, founded in 1881).
The architectural complex, located in the Polanco neighbourhood, was designed and built by Mexican architect and urbanist Mario Pani in1940. Pani was one of the most active urbanists under the Mexican Miracle (1940s-70s) and the urban landscape of Mexico City owes a significant part of its appearance to him. His designs include such emblematic buildings as the main campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, the Unidad Habitacional Nonoalco-Tlatelolco (which follows Le Corbusier’s urban principles), the Normal School of Teachers (Mexico) and several big housing projects called multifamiliares. Pani was a great innovator, constructing, developing or participating in the more ambitious and important city-development plans in twentieth-century Mexico City.